In this new edition of his seminal theoretical work on myth, ritual, and classification, Bruce Lincoln explores the ways in which these narratives and practices hold human societies together--and how, in times of crisis, they can be used to take a society apart and reconstruct it. The second edition includes three new chapters, new images, and an updated bibliography.
Dans ce livre qui reprend ses leçons prononcées au Collège de France, Bruce Lincoln propose d'analyser les rapports entre empire, religion et politique, à partir de l'exemple de la Perse achéménide. Il nous invite à un passionnant parcours qui va des historiens grecs aux inscriptions monumentales de Darius via la Bible et les traités de mythologie zoroastriens. La confrontation de ces sources révèle l'importance cruciale dans l'imaginaire impérial achéménide de l'institution du paradis, jardin clos au sein duquel sont réunis toutes sortes de plantes et d'animaux, mais qui est surtout une image microcosmique de la perfection originelle créée par le grand dieu Ahura Mazd . Lincoln montre ainsi que loin de n'être qu'un lieu de plaisance et d'insouciance, le paradis perse fonctionne comme le modèle idéologique de l'empire, dont la finalité est de rassembler sous sa domination la totalité des espèces vivantes, végétales et animales, l'humanité comprise. Réunissant des sources insuffisamment lues de concert, Bruce Lincoln montre de manière magistrale ce que doit être une histoire des religions critique et comparative.
Without overlooking the role of coercive force in the maintenance (or overthrow) of social structures, Lincoln argues his thesis with rich illustrations drawn from such diverse areas as Platonic philosophy, the Upanishads of India, ancient Celtic banquets, professional wrestling, and the Spanish Civil War. This wide-ranging interdisciplinary study--which draws on works in history, semiotics, anthropology, sociology, classics, and indology--offers challenging new insights into the complex dynamics of social cohesion and change. The second edition includes three new chapters, new images, and an updated bibliography.
For Russians, St.Petersburg has embodied power, heroism and fortitude. It has encompassed all the things that the Russians are and that they hope to become. Opulence and artistic brilliance blend with images of suffering on a monumental scale to make up the historic persona the late W. Bruce Lincoln's lavish biography of this mysterious, complex city. Climate and comfort were not what Tsar Peter the Great had in mind when he decided to build a new capital in the muddy marshes of the Neva River delta. Located 500 miles below the Arctic Circle, this area, with its foul weather, bad water and sodden soil, was so unattractive that only a handful of Finnish fisherman had ever settled there. Yet to the Tsar the place he named Sankt Pieter Burkh had the makings of a paradise. His vision was soon borne out: though St. Petersburg was closer to London, Paris and Vienna than to Russian's far-off eastern lands, it quickly became the political, cultural and economic center of an empire that stretched across more than a dozen time zones and over three continents.In this book, revolutionaries and laborers brush shoulders with tsars and builders, soldiers and statesmen share pride of place with poets. For only the entire historical experience of this magnificent and mysterious city can reveal the wealth of human and natural forces that shaped the modern history of the city and the nation it represents.