Pendant les années 1950 et dans des États-Unis en passe de devenir insidieusement une « démocratie populaire », deux industriels tentent héroïquement de défendre leur liberté d'entreprendre contre le processus de collectivisation : Dagny Taggart et Hank Rearden. Mais cette lutte s'inscrit peu à peu dans un mouvement clandestin de résistance à l'étatisme, ponctué par les mystérieuses disparitions des entrepreneurs et créateurs les plus en vue, qui se mettent en grève contre la collectivisation à l'instigation du véritable héros du roman, John Galt, un génial ingénieur et inventeur.
Pourquoi, sans raison apparente, un sentiment de désespoir et de frustration se répand-il partout ? Pourquoi, dans les pires moments, entend-on ce nom, sans visage et sans origine ?
Deux jeunes architectes que tout oppose ou presque débutent à New-York. Peter Keating, l'ambitieux sans grand talent prêt à toutes les bassesses pour réussir, et Howard Roark, véritable génie intrisigeant et épris d'absolu. Tandis que Keating grimpe peu à peu tous les échelons de la réussite, Roark, haï, lutte dans la misère contre les affairistes et les financiers véreux.
Autour d'eux, dans une fresque grouillante de vie et d'action, gravitent d'autres personnages : Dominique Francon, une belle et riche journaliste qui cherche à se réaliser par elle-même, ou encore le complexe Gail Wynand, un patron de presse qui tire les ficelles de l'opinion publique grâce au pouvoir de ses journaux.
Chacun, pris dans le tourbillon de la vie, de la réussite et de l'amour, se dirige inexorablement vers sa destinée...
Mondialement connue pour ses romanscultes (The Fountainhead, 1943 ; Atlas Shrugged, 1957) mais aussi comme passionaria libertarienne du capitalisme, Ayn Rand (1905- 1982) s'est en fait peu à peu d'abord voulue une philosophe :
Le présent volume entend contribuer à la (re)découverte philosophique d'Ayn Rand, en proposant la traduction inédite en français d'une sélection de 9 textes (essais, articles et conférences) parus postérieurement au discours de John Galt entre 1961 et 1974 - les 2 premiers s'attachant à la théorisation des fondements de l' « objectivisme », et les 7 suivants, présentés par ordre chronologique, en illustrant les applications « pour vivre sur la terre ».
Dans une mémorable interview au Los Angeles Time (17 juin 1962), Ayn Rand explique que « Ma philosophie, l'objectivisme, soutient que : 1. La réalité existe en tant qu'absolu objectif - les faits sont les faits, indépendamment des sentiments, souhaits, espoirs ou peurs humains, 2. La raison est le seul moyen qu'a l'homme de percevoir la réalité, sa seule source de connaissance, son seul guide pour l'action et son moyen basique de survie... ». Cette philosophie réaliste et rationaliste inspirée d'Aristote a déjà de quoi intriguer le lecteur contemporain par son côté inactuel et son caractère de système d'interprétation total en opposition frontale avec la doxa philosophique post-moderne.
Mais ce lecteur sera encore davantage surpris en découvrant que c'est à partir de cette « métaphysique » et cette « épistémologie » qu'Ayn Rand élabore donc une « philosophie pour vivre sur la terre ». Une philosophie morale et politique intensément en prise sur l'actualité de son époque (1960-1980 : de Kennedy à Reagan) qui annonce la nôtre. Une philosophie qui, en faisant d'un « égoïsme rationnel » ni prédateur ni narcissique la suprême « vertu », promet le bonheur ici et maintenant dans l'accomplissement de soi et la « bienveillance » envers tous ceux qui veulent également vivre selon la raison et sans fuir le réel.
A towering philosophical novel that is the summation of her Objectivist philosophy, Ayn Rand's Atlas Shrugged is the saga of the enigmatic John Galt, and his ambitious plan to 'stop the motor of the world', published in Penguin Modern Classics. Opening with the enigmatic question 'Who is John Galt?', Atlas Shrugged envisions a world where the 'men of talent' - the great innovators, producers and creators - have mysteriously disappeared. With the US economy now faltering, businesswoman Dagny Taggart is struggling to get the transcontinental railroad up and running. For her John Galt is the enemy, but as she will learn, nothing in this situation is quite as it seems. Hugely influential and grand in scope, this story of a man who stopped the motor of the world expounds Rand's controversial philosophy of Objectivism, which champions competition, creativity and human greatness. Ayn Rand (1905-82), born Alisa Rosenbaum in St. Petersburg, Russia, emigrated to America with her family in January 1926, never to return to her native land. Her novel The Fountainhead was published in 1943 and eventually became a bestseller. Still occasionally working as a screenwriter, Rand moved to New York City in 1951 and published Atlas Shrugged in 1957. Her novels espoused what came to be called Objectivism, a philosophy that champions capitalism and the pre-eminence of the individual. If you enjoyed Atlas Shrugged , you might like Rand's The Fountainhead, also available in Penguin Modern Classics. 'A writer of great power ... she writes brilliantly, beautifully, bitterly' The New York Times ' Atlas Shrugged ... is a celebration of life and happiness' Alan Greenspan
Tells the story of Howard Roark, a brilliant architect who dares to stand alone against the hostility of second-hand souls. First published in 1943, this novel presents a view of man's creative potential. It is about ambition, power, gold and love.
" L'éthique objectiviste considère que ce qui est bon pour l'homme ne nécessite pas de sacrifices humains et ne peut être accompli par le sacrifice des uns en faveur des autres. (...) Elle considère que les intérêts rationnels des hommes ne se contredisent pas, et qu'il ne peut y avoir de conflits d'intérêts entre des hommes qui ne désirent pas ce qu'ils ne méritent pas, qui ne font ni n'acceptent de sacrifices et qui traitent les uns avec les autres sur la base d'un échange librement consenti, donnant valeur pour valeur. " Cette pensée est celle de Ayn Rand (1905-1982), philosophe, romancière, dont la vie fut aussi iconoclaste et tumultueuse que l'oeuvre. Née en Russie, elle fuit celle-ci après la révolution bolchevique et émigre aux Etats-Unis où elle commence une carrière de scénariste à Hollywood avant d'écrire deux best-sellers, The Fountainhead, et Atlas Shrugged. Rassemblant une série d'articles et de conférences, La Vertu d'égoïsme constitue une excellente approche de la pensée forte, singulière et redoutablement actuelle - l'objectivisme - d'une des plus notables et influentes figures de la vie intellectuelle américaine du milieu du XXe siècle.
Pourquoi le monde semble-t-il se détraquer ? Pourquoi, sans raison apparente, un sentiment de désespoir et de frustrations se répand-il partout ? Pourquoi, dans les pires moments, entend-on ce nom, sans visage et sans origine ? Qui est John Galt ? Roman d'énigme, roman philosophique, roman politique, La Grève (Atlas Shrugged) a été traduit en dix-sept langues et est le livre le plus influent aux Etats-Unis après la Bible. Le voici enfin disponible en français.
We the Living depicts the struggle of the individual against the state, and the impact of the Russian Revolution on three human beings who demand the right to live their own lives and pursue their own happiness. This classic novel is not a story of politics, but of the men and women who fight for existence within a totalitarian state.
Biographical noteAyn Rand was a Russian-born American novelist and philosopher. She was an uncompromising advocate of rational individualism, and vociferously opposed socialism. Rand's unique philosophy, Objectivism, has gained a worldwide audience. Anthem was her second novel. She died in 1982. Main descriptionA powerful dystopian novel from a writer who experienced firsthand the dehumanising conditions of Soviet Russia, Ayn Rand's Anthem includes an introduction by Leonard Peikoff in Penguin Modern Classics. Equality 7-2521 is a man apart. Since The Great Rebirth it has been a crime in his world to think or act as an individual. Even love is forbidden. Yet since his childhood in the Home of the Infants, Equality 7-2521 has felt that he is different. When he is sent by The Council of Vocations to work as a road sweeper, he stumbles upon a link to the old world that gives him the spur to break free. First published in England in 1938, Ayn Rand's short dystopian novel crystallizes the ideas of individualism and competition that would make her name. Ayn Rand (1905-82), born Alisa Rosenbaum in St. Petersburg, Russia, emigrated to America with her family in January 1926, never to return to her native land. Her novel The Fountainhead was published in 1943 and eventually became a bestseller. Still occasionally working as a screenwriter, Rand moved to New York City in 1951 and published Atlas Shrugged in 1957. Her novels espoused what came to be called Objectivism, a philosophy that champions capitalism and the pre-eminence of the individual. If you enjoyed Anthem, you might also like Yevgeny Zamyatin's We, available in Penguin Classics. 'She created a new credo for all individualists'The Times Literary Supplement
A collection of essays that sets forth the moral principles of Objectivism, Ayn Rand's controversial, groundbreaking philosophy. Since their initial publication, Rand's fictional works-- Anthem , The Fountainhead , and Atlas Shrugged-- have had a major impact on the intellectual scene. The underlying theme of her famous novels is her philosophy, a new morality--the ethics of rational self-interest--that offers a robust challenge to altruist-collectivist thought. Known as Objectivism , her divisive philosophy holds human life--the life proper to a rational being--as the standard of moral values and regards altruism as incompatible with man's nature. In this series of essays, Rand asks why man needs morality in the first place, and arrives at an answer that redefines a new code of ethics based on the virtue of selfishness. More Than 1 Million Copies Sold!
The foundations of capitalism are being battered by a flood of altruism, which is the cause of the modern world's collapse. This is the view of Ayn Rand, a view so radically opposed to prevailing attitudes that it constitutes a major philosophic revolution. In this series of essays, she presents her stand on the persecution of big business, the causes of war, the default of conservatism, and the evils of altruism. Here is a challenging new look at modern society by one of the most provocative intellectuals on the American scene.
This edition includes two articles by Ayn Rand which did not appear in the hardcover edition: The Wreckage of the Consensus," which presents the Objectivists views on Vietnam and the draft; and Requiem for Man," an answer to the Papal encyclical Progresso Populorum.
Between 1961, when she gave her first talk at the Ford Hall Forum in Boston, and 1981, when she gave the last talk of her life in New Orleans, Ayn Rand spoke and wrote about topics as varied as education, medicine, Vietnam, and the death of Marilyn Monroe . In The Voice of Reason , these pieces, written in the last decades of Rand's life, are gathered in book form for the first time. With them are five essays by Leonard Peikoff , Rand's longtime associate and literary executor. The work concludes with Peikoff's epilogue, "My Thirty Years With Ayn Rand: An Intellectual Memoir," which answers the question "What was Ayn Rand really like?" Important reading for all thinking individuals, Rand's later writings reflect a life lived on principle, a probing mind, and a passionate intensity. This collection communicates not only Rand's singular worldview, but also the penetrating cultural and political analysis to which it gives rise.
Peopled by larger-than-life heroes and villains, charged with towering questions of good and evil, Atlas Shrugged is Ayn Rands magnum opus: a philosophical revolution told in the form of an action thriller--n ominated as one of Americas best-loved novels by PBSs The Great American Read . Who is John Galt? When he says that he will stop the motor of the world, is he a destroyer or a liberator? Why does he have to fight his battles not against his enemies but against those who need him most? Why does he fight his hardest battle against the woman he loves? You will know the answer to these questions when you discover the reason behind the baffling events that play havoc with the lives of the amazing men and women in this book. You will discover why a productive genius becomes a worthless playboy...why a great steel industrialist is working for his own destruction...why a composer gives up his career on the night of his triumph...why a beautiful woman who runs a transcontinental railroad falls in love with the man she has sworn to kill. Atlas Shrugged , a modern classic and Rands most extensive statement of Objectivism--her groundbreaking philosophy--offers the reader the spectacle of human greatness, depicted with all the poetry and power of one of the twentieth centurys leading artists.
Two Ayn Rand classics-- Atlas Shrugged and The Fountainhead-- together for the first time in a boxed set. Peopled by larger-than-life heroes and villains, charged with towering questions of good and evil, Atlas Shrugged is Ayn Rands magnum opus: a philosophical revolution told in the form of an action thriller. It is the story of a man who said that he would stop the motor of the world--and did. Was he a destroyer or the greatest of liberators? Why did he have to fight his battle, not against his enemies but against those who needed him most--and his hardest battle against the woman he loved? What is the world's motor--and the motive power of every man? The Fountainhead is the revolutionary literary vision that sowed the seeds of Objectivism, Ayn Rand's groundbreaking philosophy, and brought her immediate worldwide acclaim. This modern classic is the story of intransigent young architect Howard Roark, whose integrity was as unyielding as granite...of Dominique Francon, the exquisitely beautiful woman who loved Roark passionately, but married his worst enemy...and of the fanatic denunciation unleashed by an enraged society against a great creator. As fresh today as it was then, Rands provocative novel presents one of the most challenging ideas in all of fiction--that mans ego is the fountainhead of human progress...
This collection of essays was the last work planned by Ayn Rand before her death in 1982. In it, she summarizes her view of philosophy and deals with a broad spectrum of topics. According to Ayn Rand, the choice we make is not whether to have a philosophy, but which one to have: rational, conscious, and therefore practical; or contradictory, unidentified, and ultimately lethal. Written with all the clarity and eloquence that have placed Ayn Rands Objectivist philosophy in the mainstream of American thought, these essays range over such basic issues as education, morality, censorship, and inflation to prove that philosophy is the fundamental force in all our lives.
Here is Ayn Rands first non-fiction work--a challenge to the prevalent philosophical doctrines of our time and the atmosphere of guilt, of panic, of despair, of boredom, and of all-pervasive evasion that they create. As incisive and relevant today as it was sixty years ago, this book presents the essentials of Ayn Rands philosophy for those who wish to acquire an integrated view of existence. In the title essay, she offers an analysis of Western culture, discusses the causes of its progress, its decline, its present bankruptcy, and points the road to an intellectual renaissance. One of the most controversial figures on the intellectual scene, Ayn Rand was the proponent of a moral philosophy--and ethic of rational self-interest--that stands in sharp opposition to the ethics of altruism and self-sacrifice. The fundamentals of this morality--"a philosophy for living on Earth"--are here vibrantly set forth by the spokesman for a new class, For the New Intellectual .
This remarkable, newly revised collection of Ayn Rand's early fiction--including her previously unpublished short story The Night King --ranges from beginner's exercises to excerpts from early versions of We the Living and The Fountainhead .
Published together for the first time are three of Ayn Rand's most compelling stage plays. The courtroom drama Night of January 16th, famous for its open-ended verdict, is presented here in its definitive text. Also included are two of Rand's unproduced plays, Think Twice, a clever philosophical murder mystery, and Ideal, a bitter indictment of people's willingness to betray their highest values-symbolized by a Hollywood goddess suspected of a crime.
INCLUDES THE NEVER-BEFORE-PUBLISHED NOVEL In print for the first time ever, author and philosopher Ayn Rand's novel Ideal . Originally conceived as a novel but then transformed into a play by Ayn Rand, Ideal is the story of beautiful but tormented actress Kay Gonda. Accused of murder, she is on the run, and she turns for help to six fans who have written letters to her, each telling her that she represents their ideal--a respectable family man, a far-left activist, a cynical artist, an evangelist, a playboy, and a lost soul. Each reacts to her plight in his own way, their reactions a glimpse into their secret selves and their true values. In the end their responses to her pleas give Kay the answers she has been seeking. Ideal was written in 1934 as a novel, but Ayn Rand thought the theme of the piece would be better realized as a play and put the novel aside. Now, both versions of Ideal are available for the first time ever to the millions of Ayn Rand fans around the world, giving them a unique opportunity to explore the creative process of Rand as she wrote first a book, then a play, and the differences between the two. WITH AN INTRODUCTION BY LEONARD PEIKOFF
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The controversial classic work of one individual's will versus the subjugation of society-now available as a compelling graphic novel.
In all that was left of humanity there was only one man who dared to think, seek, and love. He, Equality 7-2521, would place his life in jeopardy. For his knowledge was regarded as a treacherous blasphemy. He had rediscovered the lost and holy word..."I".