William Morris

  • En 1857, dans une Angleterre victorienne patriarcale, William Morris, poète de 23 ans proche du mouvement préraphaélite, s'empare de la légende arthurienne qui connaît alors une popularité croissante. Mais, au lieu de célébrer les exploits des chevaliers, l'auteur décide de donner pour la première fois la parole à la reine Guenièvre. Reprenant l'un des épisodes les plus célèbres du mythe du Camelot durant lequel la souveraine est accusée d'adultère avec Lancelot, William Morris place Guenièvre au centre de son récit et lui laisse le champ libre pour qu'elle présente seule sa défense devant un parterre de juges : tous des chevaliers, tous des hommes. La reine développe alors ses arguments, défend son amour et montre qu'elle a aussi été contrainte dans une condition qu'elle n'a pas voulue.

    William Morris (1834-1896), poète, romancier, imprimeur, penseur libertaire, est l'auteur des Nouvelles de nulle part (nouvelle édition à paraître chez Libertalia en 2022). Il est considéré comme l'un des précurseurs de la pensée écologique radicale.

  • Visionary English Socialist and pioneer of the Arts and Crafts movement, William Morris argued that all work should be a source of pride and satisfaction, and that everyone should be entitled to beautiful surroundings - no matter what their class.

    Throughout history, some books have changed the world. They have transformed the way we see ourselves - and each other. They have inspired debate, dissent, war and revolution. They have enlightened, outraged, provoked and comforted. They have enriched lives - and destroyed them. Now Penguin brings you the works of the great thinkers, pioneers, radicals and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization and helped make us who we are.

  • It is assumed by most people nowadays that all work is useful, and by most well-to-do people that all work is desirable. Most people, well-to-do or not, believe that, even when a man is doing work which appears to be useless, he is earning his livelihood by it--he is "employed," as the phrase goes; and most of those who are well-to-do cheer on the happy worker with congratulations and praises, if he is only "industrious" enough and deprives himself of all pleasure and holidays in the sacred cause of labour...

    Here, you see, are two kinds of work - one good, the other bad; one not far removed from a blessing, a lightening of life; the other a mere curse, a burden to life. What is the difference between them, then? This: one has hope in it, the other has not. It is manly to do the one kind of work, and manly also to refuse to do the other. What is the nature of the hope which, when it is present in work, makes it worth doing? ...

  • When his wife cheats on him, Golden Walter leaves his mundane life to start a new one at sea. Horrific news forces him to turn around, however, but before he can reach home, a storm carries his ship to a faraway country. A country inhabited by people he has seen before. In a vison. With novels like `The Wood Beyond the World' (1894) William Morris has gone down in history as the forerunner for much of the modern-day fantasy genre. C.S. Lewis, who wrote `The Chronicles of Narnia', cited Morris as one of his favourite authors, and J.R.R. Tolkien was influenced by Morris' fantasies in writing `The Lord of the Rings' trilogy.

  • Essai sur l'art et le socialisme, suivi d'une biographie de William Morris. Peintre, écrivain et décorateur anglais, William Morris (1834-1896) étudie la théologie puis la peinture et l'architecture, fortement influencé par John Ruskin et Eugène Viollet-le-Duc. Il se distingue de ses amis préraphaélites par un plus grand engagement social et un retour à l'art gothique motivé par des raisons politiques de tendance libertaire et marxiste. Il rend l'industrie responsable des conditions inhumaines de la vie des ouvriers et clame son aversion pour la machine. Il oppose la créativité de l'individu à une production de masse indifférente à la valeur esthétique. Il importe, selon lui, de retrouver les coutumes et le système de production artisanale de l'époque médiévale où l'artisan le plus humble était un artiste et le plus grand artiste un artisan. Estimant qu'il faut rehausser les arts décoratifs au niveau des arts majeurs, il fonde une société qui produit et vend tableaux, sculptures, meubles, tapisseries, tissus décoratifs et vitraux. On le traite d'utopiste mais aussi de visionnaire. Le groupe des préraphaélites le suit dans cette entreprise et collabore avec lui dans son atelier artisanal d'art appliqué, baptisé Arts and Crafts, qui diffuse bientôt ses inventions décoratives où domine l'arabesque florale, annonciatrice du futur modern style. Un mouvement artistique du même nom suit, où s'illustreront entre autres des artistes comme Walter Crane, Edward Burne-Jones, Ford Madox Brown et Dante Gabriel Rossetti. William Morris continue parallèlement de se vouer à la littérature. Il publie des poèmes, des essais politiques et des traductions de Virgile et d'Homère. Politiquement très engagé, il participe à la fondation de la Ligue Socialiste (ancêtre du Parti travailliste anglais) dont il dirige le journal, The Commonweal. Vers la fin de sa vie, il se consacre à l'art typographique et à l'édition d'art, réalisant de éditions enluminées extrêmement raffinées, dont celle des oeuvres complètes de Geoffrey Chaucer.

  • Poet, pattern-designer, environmentalist and maker of fine books, William Morris (1834-96) was also a committed socialist and visionary writer, obsessively concerned with the struggle to achieve a perfect society on earth. News From Nowhere, one of the most significant English works on the theme of utopia, is the tale of William Guest, a Victorian who wakes one morning to find himself in the year 2102 and discovers a society that has changed beyond recognition into a pastoral paradise, in which all people live in blissful equality and contentment. A socialist masterpiece, News From Nowhere is a vision of a future free from capitalism, isolation and industrialisation. This volume also contains a wide selection of Morris's writings, lectures, journalism and letters, which expand upon the key themes of News From Nowhere.

  • In its evolution, psychoanalysis has become a broad spectrum of theories making use of an approach that can be considered psychoanalytic in that it is based on the existence and importance of unconscious motivation. In Specialty Competencies in Psychoanalysis in Psychology, Morris, Javier, and Herron discuss and delineate the functional and foundational competencies of psychoanalytic practice. The book is designed for all mental health professionals and will be very helpful to psychologists seeking to strengthen their background in psychoanalytic theory or treatment. Additionally, individuals who aspire to specialize in this area of professional psychology will find it invaluable. Because the authors describe these complex theoretical ideas in terms of practical competencies, this book also makes for an especially useful guide for teaching students.
    Series in Specialty Competencies in Professional Psychology Series Editors Arthur M. Nezu and Christine Maguth Nezu As the field of psychology continues to grow and new specialty areas emerge and achieve recognition, it has become increasingly important to define the standards of professional specialty practice.
    Developed and conceived in response to this need for practical guidelines, this series presents methods, strategies, and techniques for conducting day-to-day practice in any given psychology specialty. The topical volumes address best practices across the functional and foundational competencies that characterize the various psychology specialties, including clinical psychology, cognitive and behavioral psychology, school psychology, geropsychology, forensic psychology, clinical neuropsychology, couples and family psychology, and more. Functional competencies include common practice activities like assessment and intervention, while foundational competencies represent core knowledge areas such as ethical and legal issues, cultural diversity, and professional identification. In addition to describing these competencies, each volume provides a definition, description, and development timeline of a particular specialty, including its essential and characteristic pattern of activities, as well as its distinctive and unique features.
    Written by recognized experts in their respective fields, volumes are comprehensive, up-to-date, and accessible. These volumes offer invaluable guidance to not only practicing mental health professionals, but those training for specialty practice as well.

  • This is a practical manual for diagnostic testing, focusing on the historical and contemporary research on functional disorders in general, and functional visual disorders in particular. Functional Ophthalmic Disorders: Ocular Malingering and Visual Hysteria is a how-to manual that is written for the practicing ophthalmologist and optometrist, complete with color photos that allow the reader to see pictures of select diseases. In addition to the photos, videos are provided online to illustrate the various tests and possible results conducted on a mock patient to assist in the differential diagnosis. Written and edited by leaders in the field, some of the topics covered include history of functional disorders, ophthalmologic examination in malingering and techniques and tests for functional and simulated defects.

  • Electrocardiography is an essential tool in diagnosing cardiac disorders. This second edition of the ABC of Clinical Electrocardiography allows readers to become familiar with the wide range of patterns seen in the electrocardiogram in clinical practice and covers the fundamentals of ECG interpretation and analysis.
    Fully revised and updated, this edition includes a self-assessment section to aid revision and check comprehension, clear anatomical diagrams to illustrate key points and a larger format to show 12-lead ECGs clearly and without truncation.
    Edited and written by leading experts, the ABC of Clinical Electrocardiography is a valuable text for anyone managing patients with heart disorders, both in general practice and in hospitals. Junior doctors and nurses, especially those working in cardiology and emergency departments, as well as medical students, will find this a vaulable introduction to the understanding of this key clinical tool.

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