As the plethora of approaches to biometrics and their deployment continues to grow, so too does the need to combat the techniques used to subvert the aim of such biometric systems.Presenting the first definitive study of the subject, this Handbook of Biometric Anti-Spoofing reviews the state of the art in covert attacks against biometric systems, and in deriving countermeasures to these attacks. Across a range of common biometrics, including face, iris, fingerprint, speaker and gait, the book describes spoofing methods and examines the vulnerabilities of biometric systems to these attacks. Novel theoretical methods are also introduced to evaluate the various possible countermeasures.Topics and features: provides a detailed introduction to the field of biometric anti-spoofing and a thorough review of the associated literature; examines spoofing attacks against five biometric modalities, namely, fingerprints, face, iris, speaker and gait; discusses anti-spoofing measures for multi-model biometric systems; reviews evaluation methodologies, international standards, and legal and ethical issues; describes current challenges and suggests directions for future research; presents the latest work from a global selection of experts in the field, including members of the TABULA RASA project.This comprehensive text/reference is truly essential reading for all biometric researchers and practitioners in industry and academia. Graduate students of computer science and electronic engineering will also find the book to be a useful supplementary reference for courses on biometrics.
The history of computer-aided face recognition dates back to the 1960s, yet the problem of automatic face recognition - a task that humans perform routinely and effortlessly in our daily lives - still poses great challenges, especially in unconstrained conditions.This highly anticipated new edition of the Handbook of Face Recognition provides a comprehensive account of face recognition research and technology, spanning the full range of topics needed for designing operational face recognition systems. After a thorough introductory chapter, each of the following 26 chapters focus on a specific topic, reviewing background information, up-to-date techniques, and recent results, as well as offering challenges and future directions.Topics and features: fully updated, revised and expanded, covering the entire spectrum of concepts, methods, and algorithms for automated face detection and recognition systems; examines the design of accurate, reliable, and secure face recognition systems; provides comprehensive coverage of face detection, tracking, alignment, feature extraction, and recognition technologies, and issues in evaluation, systems, security, and applications; contains numerous step-by-step algorithms; describes a broad range of applications from person verification, surveillance, and security, to entertainment; presents contributions from an international selection of preeminent experts; integrates numerous supporting graphs, tables, charts, and performance data.This practical and authoritative reference is the essential resource for researchers, professionals and students involved in image processing, computer vision, biometrics, security, Internet, mobile devices, human-computer interface, E-services, computer graphics and animation, and the computer game industry.