John Goldsmith

  • Batailles de l'esprit

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    • Gallimard
    • 9 September 2021

    Aux origines des sciences humaines s'intéresse à l'histoire des idées et aux hommes qui les ont portées, incarnées et défendues tout au long des XIXe et XXe siècles. Les sciences du langage, la psychologie, les mathématiques et la logique, la philosophie sont au centre d'une analyse interdisciplinaire qui éclaire les échanges, les emprunts et les influences entre ces disciplines naissantes, toutes préoccupées de la nature de l'esprit humain, des langues et des cultures.
    Sur la toile de fond des changements politiques, économiques et sociaux formidables qui se produisent de 1840 à 1940 se déploie une autre histoire, intellectuelle et conceptuelle, où se forgent la conception moderne de l'homme et bientôt les sciences humaines et sociales. Si la linguistique est au centre de cette enquête, c'est parce que, plus qu'aucune autre, elle a reçu la fertilisation croisée de toutes les sciences de l'homme. La vieille philologie et la vieille grammaire en sont sorties totalement bouleversées et une science nouvelle, la science du langage, est apparue.
    Ce livre est l'histoire de celles et ceux qui, dans un débat passionné tissé de continuités déniées et de ruptures proclamées, ont fait advenir ce bouleversement et de ceux qui les ont influencés et ont nourri leur réflexion.

  • The Handbook of Phonological Theory

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    • Wiley-blackwell
    • 15 September 2011

    The Handbook of Phonological Theory, second edition offers an innovative and detailed examination of recent developments in phonology, and the implications of these within linguistic theory and related disciplines. Revised from the ground-up for the second edition, the book is comprised almost entirely of newly-written and previously unpublished chapters Addresses the important questions in the field including learnability, phonological interfaces, tone, and variation, and assesses the findings and accomplishments in these domains Brings together a renowned and international contributor team Offers new and unique reflections on the advances in phonological theory since publication of the first edition in 1995 Along with the first edition, still in publication, it forms the most complete and current overview of the subject in print

  • This interdisciplinary new work explores one of the central theoretical problems in linguistics: learnability. The authors, from different backgrounds---linguistics, philosophy, computer science, psychology and cognitive science-explore the idea that language acquisition proceeds through general purpose learning mechanisms, an approach that is broadly empiricist both methodologically and psychologically. For many years, the empiricist approach has been taken to be unfeasible on practical and theoretical grounds. In the book, the authors present a variety of precisely specified mathematical and computational results that show that empiricist approaches can form a viable solution to the problem of language acquisition. It assumes limited technical background and explains the fundamental principles of probability, grammatical description and learning theory in an accessible and non-technical way.Different chapters address the problem of language acquisition using different assumptions: looking at the methodology of linguistic analysis using simplicity based criteria, using computational experiments on real corpora, using theoretical analysis using probabilistic learning theory, and lookingat the computational problems involved in learning richly structured grammars.Written by four researchers in the full range of relevant fields: linguistics (John Goldsmith), psychology (Nick Chater), computer science (Alex Clark), and cognitive science (Amy Perfors), the book sheds light on the central problems of learnability and language, and traces their implications for key questions of theoretical linguistics and the study of language acquisition.

  • This interdisciplinary new work explores one of the central theoretical problems in linguistics: learnability. The authors, from different backgrounds---linguistics, philosophy, computer science, psychology and cognitive science-explore the idea that language acquisition proceeds through general purpose learning mechanisms, an approach that is broadly empiricist both methodologically and psychologically. For many years, the empiricist approach has been taken to be unfeasible on practical and theoretical grounds. In the book, the authors present a variety of precisely specified mathematical and computational results that show that empiricist approaches can form a viable solution to the problem of language acquisition. It assumes limited technical background and explains the fundamental principles of probability, grammatical description and learning theory in an accessible and non-technical way.Different chapters address the problem of language acquisition using different assumptions: looking at the methodology of linguistic analysis using simplicity based criteria, using computational experiments on real corpora, using theoretical analysis using probabilistic learning theory, and lookingat the computational problems involved in learning richly structured grammars.Written by four researchers in the full range of relevant fields: linguistics (John Goldsmith), psychology (Nick Chater), computer science (Alex Clark), and cognitive science (Amy Perfors), the book sheds light on the central problems of learnability and language, and traces their implications for key questions of theoretical linguistics and the study of language acquisition.

  • "Bio-Stabilization Case Studies: Treatment and Performance Evaluation" describes and evaluates 30 projects from across the United States where bio-stabilization was employed to address a detrimental naturally occurring process or byproduct of the built environment. Bio-stabilization (or soil bioengineering) refers to the use of plant materials, primarily live cuttings, arranged in the ground in different arrays to reinforce soils and protect upland slopes and/or stream banks against surficial erosion and shallow slope failures. Examples included in the collection represent different regions of the country and their specific conditions and challenges. Each project is illustrated with a number of distinctive photographs to support the reader's understanding and showcase the wide scope of projects and techniques presented. The volume is ideal for civil and environmental engineers and environmental scientists working on watershed, infrastructure projects, and municipal scale installations.

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